Queen Elizabeth II is currently suffering from Heavy Cold Which forces the Queen to skip annual royal holiday celebrations, including New year and Christmas, giving rise to the new idea that longest reigning monarch will now leave her duties due to her health.
Queen Elizabeth II is the second women in the History of United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland to rule over it. She became queen in 1801 when both, Kingdom of Ireland and Kingdom of Great Britain.
Before that the only women to rule was her -grandmother Queen Victoria, who took throne care in 1837 when she was 18 and was there until her death in 1901. From the House of Hanover, Victoria was the last monarch of Britain, and was succeeded by her son, King Edward VII, who was from her husband’s House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha.
Queen Victoria had four sons and 5 daughters, died at the age of 81 and reigned for 63 years. Queen Elizabeth II gained throne control in 1952 after death of King George VI.
According to the rule, the crown is normally transferred from the monarch to the eldest son. As King George VI had no son, so the crown passed to his elder daughter Elizabeth.
However, in 2011, the Act of Settlement was changed before Prince George’s birth, ensuring that succession would not be affected by gender of the child.
It was during the reign of Queen Anne, who ruled throne from 1702 to 1714, that the Treaty of Union was signed between the Kingdom of England and the Kingdom of Scotland, leading to the Kingdom of Great Britain.
Anne gained the throne in 1702 after the death of William III. She was succeeded by her second cousin George I of the House of Hanover as Anne died at 49 without any surviving children despite 17 pregnancies.
It was during the reign of King George III that the Kingdom of Great Britain mixed with the Kingdom of Ireland, becoming the country we all know.